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杭州文化新地标,宛如从水面升腾起的巨龙 - 余杭歌剧院

杭州余杭大剧院坐落于繁华都市与静谧的东湖景色的交界处,它的形态宛如从水面升腾起的巨龙,为杭州的城市天际线谱写了崭新的文化地标。新建筑形成了余杭一个新的文化节点的…

杭州余杭大剧院坐落于繁华都市与静谧的东湖景色的交界处,它的形态宛如从水面升腾起的巨龙,为杭州的城市天际线谱写了崭新的文化地标。新建筑形成了余杭一个新的文化节点的核心,余杭是杭州这个大都市快速发展的中心。

余杭大剧院由Henning Larsen领衔设计,通过与杭州市城建设计研究院有限公司、Buro Happold工程公司和AECOM景观部门的密切合作,于2019年5月正式竣工开幕。

70000平方米的表演场地在原本不间断的滨水区域是不容错过的。新的建筑拥有广泛的文化导向空间,包括1400个座位的多功能礼堂、500个座位的黑匣子剧院、展览中心和配套设施。

Nestled between the bustling city of Hangzhou and the calm shores of East Lake, the Hangzhou Yuhang Opera cuts a distinctive profile in the skyline, its landscaped peaks appearing to dip beneath the water's glassy surface. The new building forms the heart of a new cultural node in Yuhang, a fast-growing dis- trict in the metropolis of Hangzhou. Completed in May 2019 in collaboration with Hangzhou Architectural & Civil Engineering Design Insti- tute Co., Buro Happold Engineering, and with Bassinet Turquin Paysage and AECOM for landscape, the 70,000m2 performance venue is an unmissable presence on the otherwise uninterrupted waterfront. The new structure houses a broad range of culturally oriented spaces, including a 1400-seat multipur- pose auditorium, a 500-seat black box theatre, an exhibition center, and supporting facilities.

杭州文化新地标,宛如从水面升腾起的巨龙 - 余杭歌剧院

杭州文化新地标,宛如从水面升腾起的巨龙 - 余杭歌剧院

对设计至关重要的是东湖(East Lake),这片广阔的水域位于周围公园的中心,形成了新歌剧闪闪发光的反光背景。

乍一看,这是一个既定的景观,实际上是Henning Larsen获奖设计的一部分,反映了杭州着名的西湖,为城市区域的文化创造了一个地理上的对比节点。

蜿蜒的步行街环绕着湖面,穿过小的袖珍公园(包括一个中国传统的水上花园)和商业设施。公园的外边缘与一个高铁车站毗邻,这个高铁车站在余杭最近的发展中发挥了重要作用,并将欢迎更多游客来到这个新的文化景点。

Crucial to the design was East Lake, an expanse of water that lies at the heart of the surrounding park and forms the shimmering, reflective backdrop for the new Opera. While at first glance an established landscape, the lake was in fact part of Henning Larsen's winning competition design, mirroring Hang- zhou's famed West Lake and creating a geographically contrasting node for culture in the urban region. A meandering promenade circles the lake, passing through small pocket parks (including a traditional Chinese water garden) and commercial facilities. The exterior edge of the park borders a high-speed rail station that has been instrumental in Yuhang's recent growth and will welcome even more visitors to the new cultural destination.

杭州文化新地标,宛如从水面升腾起的巨龙 - 余杭歌剧院

这个歌剧院以一种公众可进入的斜坡景观为主,其形式和规模与该地区发现的古代人造地貌相当。

The opera dominates the lake and the surroundings with a publicly accessible sloping landscape reminis- cent in form and scale to ancient manmade landforms that have been discovered in the region.

杭州文化新地标,宛如从水面升腾起的巨龙 - 余杭歌剧院

这两个倾斜交叉的歌剧院群坐落在一个高架的公共广场上,屋顶一直延伸到地面,以邀请游客爬上去欣赏风景。

两个结构都拥有立体的几何立面,它们的灵感源自冰面裂开时呈现出的纹路,图案从实材为主的后侧一直延伸至完全透明的前厅。

在内部,走道连接礼堂和门厅周围的两个入口,内部阳台和楼梯,以最大化建筑物内和湖上的景色。

The two sloped and intersecting masses of the Opera perch above an elevated public plaza, the roofs touching lightly on the ground level to invite visitors to climb up and enjoy the view. Both structures are clad in a graphic facade pattern that references ice cracking on the frozen lake; moving from solid back- of-house coverage to near total transparency where it encloses the public foyers – floes of ice drifting away to reveal the bright interior. The different entrances to the building connect in a path around the auditorium that offers views to the lake and foyer interior. Interior balconies and staircases maximize views out across the site and within the foyer: going to the opera is about seeing and being seen.

杭州文化新地标,宛如从水面升腾起的巨龙 - 余杭歌剧院

歌剧院由两个主要表演/活动空间组成:可容纳1400人的主厅和可容纳500人的黑匣子剧院。大厅举办各种活动的能力是设计的核心重点,推动了大厅内宏大的声学和舞台设计。黑匣子Thea-Tre能够完全打开高架公共广场的一侧,成为10000人大型室外场所的舞台。

The Opera building comprises two main performance/event spaces: the Main Hall, which can seat up to 1400, and the 500-seat Black Box theatre. The ability of the halls to host a variety of events was a core focus in the design, driving the ambitious acoustic and stage design inside the halls. The Black Box thea- tre has the ability to literally open one full side to the elevated public plaza, becoming a stage for a mas- sive 10.000 people exterior venue.

杭州文化新地标,宛如从水面升腾起的巨龙 - 余杭歌剧院

杭州文化新地标,宛如从水面升腾起的巨龙 - 余杭歌剧院

自5月开幕以来,该歌剧已经举办了许多演出和活动,包括5月18日捷克国家爱乐乐团的开幕音乐会。

歌剧院和周边场地已经被证明是区域发展的一个亮点,周边地区正在蓬勃发展,成为拥有2000万人口的杭州的一个新中心。

Since its opening in May, the Opera has already hosted numerous performances and events, including an opening concert on 18 May by the Czech National Philharmonic Orchestra. The Opera and surround- ing grounds have already proven to be a spark for regional development, with the surrounding district blossoming to become a new center in the in the 20 million person city of Hangzhou.

杭州文化新地标,宛如从水面升腾起的巨龙 - 余杭歌剧院

杭州文化新地标,宛如从水面升腾起的巨龙 - 余杭歌剧院

杭州文化新地标,宛如从水面升腾起的巨龙 - 余杭歌剧院

剖面图

建筑师:Henning Larsen

地点:浙江 杭州

面积:82546平方米

年份:2019

摄影:Philippe Ruault

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